Frequently Asked Question
. ARGENTINA . AUSTRALIA . AUSTRIA .
BELGIUM . BRAZIL . CANADA . CHINA . DENMARK . FINLAND .
FRANCE . GERMANY . GREECE . IRELAND . ISRAEL . ITALY .
JAPAN . KOREA REPUBLIC . KUWAIT . LUXEMBOURG . MEXICO .
NETHERLANDS . NEW ZEALAND . NORWAY . POLAND . PORTUGAL .
RUSSIAN FEDERATION . SOUTH AFRICA . SPAIN . SWEDEN .
SWITZERLAND . TAIWAN (PROVINCE OF CHINA) . UNITED KINGDOM
. UNITED STATES
Nationals out of the mentioned countries above can apply
for a visas at where available the Ethiopian Diplomatic
The Federal Democratic Republic
of Ethiopia is a developing country located in the northeastern
part of Africa commonly known as ' The Horn of Africa'. It leis
in the equatorial region between 30 - 180 north and 330 - 480
east, Eritrea and Djibouti bound in on the northeast, on the
east and southeast by Somalia, on the south by Kenya and on the
west by the Sudan. Ethiopia, as large as France and Spain
combined, has an area of 1,104,300 km? It is the tenth largest
country in Africa. It is a democratic national comprising of 11
semi-autonomous administrative regions organized loosely along
major ethnic lines. It has an agriculturally dominated economy,
which is about 65 per cent of the land is presently cultivated.
Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa having its
own calendar, alphabet and clock.
Lucy is a 3.5 million years old
female skeleton, which is among the important archaeological
discoveries that make that make Ethiopia to have the prestigious
title of 'the cradle of mankind'. It is a complete direct
hominid fossil discovered in the north - eastern part of
Ethiopia at the place called Hadar. Now any tourists in the
National museum in Addis Ababa can visit it. So the fact that
the most crucial discoveries, including the Lucy's, have taken
places in Ethiopia make the country the most probable site for
the cradle of mankind
Ethiopia is considered to be
the' mosaic of cultural diversity. 'The population of Ethiopia
is estimated to be about 65 million. It is the home of more than
80 ethnic groups. Based on the language they speak, they can be
divided into Semitic, Hamitic, Nilotic and Omotic stocks.
Despite their diversity, Ethiopians are characterized with
peace, hospitality and struggle to develop. The Ethiopians,
often called the 'Habesha' are generally sociable and friendly,
not at all hostile to tourists. Ethiopians are proud of their
culture and civilization, which pre-date those of Europe. They
are known for their unforgettable hospitality and well-deserved
A wide variety of different
dishes are available in Ethiopia and most of them are unique to
the country so you have to familiarize yourself first with the
names of different dishes. You can choose from the spicy and hot
Doro Wot, Kitfo, or Key Wot to less spicy dishes like Alicha Wot
you can get these foods virtually anywhere in the country and
portions are generous and very cheap. There are also home made
and fabricated local drinks for you to choose from Araki- a
strong alcoholic beverage made from millet and maize, Tej - a
mead like drink made from honey and Tela - locally brewed beer
from maize, wheat and barely and Guder- the Ethiopian wine.
Ethiopia's economy is
predominantly agricultural. The highlands are very fertile,
which contain many large rivers with enormous untapped potential
for irrigation projects. About 90 per cent of the population
earns their living from the land, mainly as subsistence farmers.
Agriculture is the backbone of the national economy and the
principal exports from this sector are coffee, oil seeds,
pulses, flowers, vegetables, sugar and foodstuffs for animals.
There is also a thriving livestock sector, exporting camel on
the hoof and hides and skins. 25% of the populations grow coffee
and it accounts for 55% of Ethiopia's exports.
A volcanically formed central
plateau, isolated on three sides by low- lying desert dominates
the Ethiopian landscape. The central plateau, often referred to
as the Ethiopian highlands, has an average altitude of above
2,000m and includes 20 peaks of 4,000m or higher. The Ethiopia
highlands are dramatically mountainous, no more than where hey
are bisected by the Rift valley, which starts at the Red sea,
then continues through the Denakil depression and through
southern Ethiopia to Mozambique in Southern Africa. The part of
the Rift valley, south of Addis Ababa, is notable for its string
of eight lakes. The most extensive mountain ranges on the
highlands are the Semien, which lie directly north of Gondar,
and Bale, which lies in the southern highlands to the east of
the Rift Valley. Mount Ras Dashen in the Semien is at 4,620m,
the fourth highest peak in Africa. The highlands also form the
source of four major river systems. The best known of these is
the Blue Nile or Abbay, which starts at Lake Tana in the
northwest and supplies nine- tenths of the Nile's water, which
eventually reaches Egypt's Nile valley.
Ethiopia shows a wide climatic
variation, ranging from the peaks of the Semien and Bale, which
receive periodic snowfall, to regular daytime temperatures of
over 50 0C in the Denakil Desert As a rule, the
highland has a temperate climate and average day time
temperature of 160C. Due to their proximity to the
Equator, the eastern lowlands and far south is dry and hot. The
western lowlands are moist and hot, making them one part of the
country that feels truly tropical. The southern rift valley,
much of which is at the relatively high altitude of 1.500m, is
temperate to hot and seasonally moist. The general precipitation
pattern is that the bulk of the rain in the highlands and Rift
valley falls between mid-June and early October. The rainy
season in the Rift Valley generally starts and ends a few weeks
earlier than in the highlands. The northeastern highlands have a
less reliable rainy season than other highland parts of
Ethiopia. In normal rainy season the highlands receive an
average rainfall of 1,000mm. From a tourist's point of view,
rain tends to fall in dramatic storms, which end as suddenly as
they start a situation that is infinitely easier for travel than
are days of protracted drizzle.
Ethiopia follows the Julian
calendar, which consists of twelve months of thirty days each
and a thirteenth month of five days (six days on leap year). You
can see the sun every day of the year That is why we call our
country- a country where the sun shines thirteen months. You
will be seven years younger when you arrive in Ethiopia because
the calendar is seven years and eight months behind the western
Ethiopia has a different time
calculating system and three hours ahead of Green witch Mean
time (GMT). The Ethiopian day is calculated in a manner similar
to that in many equatorial countries, where day and night is
always the same length. Time remains constant through the year
counting starts from western 6 and 6 Western 7 is there fore one
o'clock, noon is 6 o' clock and 6 is 12 o'clock. In Addis Ababa,
then sunrise and sunset at around 6:30 and 18.45 respectively.