over the years on the Ethiopian plateau has created one of the
most spectacular landscapes in the world, with jagged mountain
peaks, deep valleys and sharp precipices dropping some 1500m.
The park is home to some extremely rare animals such as the
Gelada baboon, the Ethiopian Wolf and the Walia ibex, a goat
found nowhere else in the world.
mountain massif is one of the major highlands of
Africa, rising to the highest point in Ethiopia, Ras
Dejen (4543m), which is the fourth highest peak in the
Africa and not too far from the equator, snow and ice appear
on the highest points and night temperatures often fall below
The national park has three general botanical regions. The
lower slopes have been cultivated and grazed, while the alpine
regions (up to 3600m) were forested, although much has now
disappeared. The higher lands are mountain grasslands with
fescue grasses as well as heathers, splendid Red Hot Pokers
and Giant Lobelia.
The park was created primarily to protect the Walia Ibex, a
type of wild goat, and over 1000 are said to live in the park.
Also in the park are families of the Gelada Baboon and the
rare Ethiopian Wolf. The Ethiopian Wolf, although named after
the mountains, is rarely seen by the visitor. Over 50 species
of birds have been reported in the Simien Mountains.
Access to the park is from Debark, 101 km from Gonder, where
riding & pack animals may be hired.